The Honey Bee's Diet And What It Consists Of

Honey bees form a highly organized society and for thousands of years they have been of great interest to humans.

According to Great Plains Nature Center, humans have written about honey bees more than any other species of insects, which signals that they really have something special that's worth cherishing.

When it comes to their diet,the honey bee's diet consists of various ingredients which together help the honey bee grow and develop so that eventually it can produce honey.


For the first 5 or 6 days of a honey bee's adult life, it consumes great amounts of pollen in order to obtain lipids, vitamins, minerals and protein necessary for completing its development and growth.

Nectar is also part of the honey bee diet and between the tenth and the fourteenth day of their adult life, the main dietary source of worker bees is made up of carbohydrates.

Carbohydrates are gathered as necture from plants, trees and flowers and they serve as an important source of nutrition.


The nectar is actually the sweet water that collects on plants such as flowers, while pollen is a powder that is very rich in proteins.

The bees' diet consists of a lot of nectar, but at the end of the day they are not gorging themselves. The nectar is taken to the hive where it's used extensively for the production of honey.

Together, pollen and nectar give honey bees the necessary ingredients for producing the various types of honey required for the survival of the colony.


As previously stated, honey is produced by the bees using the nectar they collect from flowers and other similar plants.

Honey makes up an important part of the honey bees' diet and they eat it every day of the year.

Not only is honey hydroscopic and easily digestible, but at the same time it also has great antibacterial properties that keeps the bees in good health.


In order to maintain normal behavior, brood rearing, composition and nutritional levels, water is a vital element in a bee's diet and according to various authority apiculture websites online, it needs to be available to the bees at all times.

Sugar Syrup

To ensure that the honey bees are properly nurtured, beekeepers need to ensure they provide them with a thick mixture of water and sugar in equal amounts.

Before giving it to the bees, they need to wait until the mixture hardens and when that happens, they place it over the cluster and the brood nest so the bees can consume it, this is only recommended when the hive has no honey reserve to feed as the ph is very different in sugar water than it is in honey.

Dry Sugar

Not every day of the year is great for feeding bees regular syrup and that is why in late winter, bee keepers will feed them dry sugar as an emergency method only.

It's important for any beekeeper to ensure proper nutrition for the bees under his care, since they can be a bit sensitive if they are not properly fed. In order for them to continue producing honey, beekeepers need to develop a diet that is right for the bees based on the environment and the climate they live in. 

Honey bee Life Cycle - Honey bee life cycle has four main distinct stages or phases, egg, larva, pupa and finally an adult. Honey bee colonies are generally perennial with the exceptions of bumble bee and paper wasp colonies.

Help the Bees - Unfortunately, it seems like our civilization has declared war on native bees. Over-development, habitat destruction, and diminishing plant diversity have all negatively impacted our native bee populations, here are a few things you can do to help the bees.

Royal Jelly - is the secretion of a honey bee, and it allows a bee larvae to grow and develop into the queen bee.

According to spectrometric analysis, the royal jelly has at least 185 organic compounds.

Wiggle Dance Talk - Because honey bees are social insects that live in a colony, they have to communicate with each other. Honey bees do this by using odor cues, food exchanges and certain movements so they can share important information about food sources.

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