Honey Bee's Life Cycle

A Honey bee life cycle has four main distinct stages or phases, egg, larva, pupa and finally an adult. Honey bee colonies are generally perennial with the exceptions of bumble bee and paper wasp colonies. The colonies of bees consist of three castes, Queen Bee, worker bee and drones (males). Queen bees lay eggs, worker bees are non-egg producing bees and drones are meant for mating purposes.

Developmental time for honey bees

The total developmental time for a Queen bee is 16 days, 21 days for worker bee and approximately 24 days for drone or male bee. Four distinct honey bee life cycle stages can be summarized as following.

Egg stage

First stage of development in the life cycle is egg stage. Eggs are very minute and have appearance of poppy seeds in shape. Every egg has an opening on the broader side that enables a sperm to penetrate in. Hatching of eggs normally occurs after three days of egg laying.

Larva stage

This stage generally lasts up to nine odd days. During this stage, hatched larva is almost microscopic in size without legs and eyes. Larva is fed on a diet known as royal jelly for initial two days. As the third day progresses larvae that are destined to develop into queen bees continue to fed on royal jelly, while worker larvae feed on honey, water and pollens. Larval stage for queen bee lasts for 5.5 days, 6 days for worker bees and 6.5 days for drones. 

Pupa stage

Reorganization of tissues massively takes place during pupal stage. Worm-like body has now three distinct parts of the body. This stage usually lasts for 7.5 days for queen bee, 12 days for worker bee and 14.5 days for drone bee (male bee).

Adult Stage

All three types of bees are now fully grown and are fully ready to accomplish their tasks. A typical colony of honey bee consists of 50,000 to 60,000 worker bees, 600 to 1000 drone bees and only 1 queen bee.

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